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Applications of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation (IRMPD) to the Detection of Posttranslational Modifications


Applications of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation (IRMPD) to the Detection of Posttranslational Modifications

P. Maître, D. Scuderi et leurs collaborateurs ont publié récemment un article de revue dans Chemical Reviews :
Applications of Infrared Multiple Photon Dissociation (IRMPD) to the Detection of Posttranslational Modifications

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Résumé
Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy allows for the derivation of the vibrational fingerprint of molecular ions under tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) conditions. It provides insight into the nature and localization of posttranslational modifications (PTMs) affecting single amino acids and peptides. IRMPD spectroscopy, which takes advantage of the high sensitivity and resolution of MS/MS, relies on a wavelength specific fragmentation process occurring on resonance with an IR active vibrational mode of the sampled species and is well suited to reveal the presence of a PTM and its impact in the molecular environment. IRMPD spectroscopy is clearly not a proteomics tool. It is rather a valuable source of information for fixed wavelength IRMPD exploited in dissociation protocols of peptides and proteins. Indeed, from the large variety of model PTM containing amino acids and peptides which have been characterized by IRMPD spectroscopy, specific signatures of PTMs such as phosphorylation or sulfonation can be derived. High throughput workflows relying on the selective fragmentation of modified peptides within a complex mixture have thus been proposed. Sequential fragmentations can be observed upon IR activation, which do not only give rise to rich fragmentation patterns but also overcome low mass cutoff limitations in ion trap mass analyzers. Laser-based vibrational spectroscopy of mass-selected ions holding various PTMs is an increasingly expanding field both in the variety of chemical issues coped with and in the technological advancements and implementations.